Latin name: Bacopa Monnieri
Common name: Sarswati, Mandook parni
English name: Thyme Leaved Gratiola,
Habitat: It is a creeping plant found
in damp, marshy regions throughout India. Of
all Indian herbal therapies,
Macroscopic identification: Root is
thin, wiry, small, branched creamish-yellow.
Stem is thin, green in color, soft with nodes
and internodes. Leaves are simple, decussate,
green, sessile, 1-2 cm long, obovate-oblong.
Flowers are small, axillary and white. Fruit
is ovoid and glabrous.
Parts used: whole plant
Pharmacological action: The drug is
astringent, bitter and cooling, nerve
tonic, cardio tonic, aperient and diuretic
Action and uses in Ayurveda: Kustha,
Jwara, Sopha, Pandu, Prameha, Manasavikara
Indications: The drug is astringent,
bitter and cooling and reportedly improves the
intellect. It is used in Ayurveda for the treatment
of asthma, hoarseness, insanity and epilepsy
and is also potent nerve tonic, cardiotonic,
aperient and diuretic. It is reported to improve
the intellect, and acts as anti-anxiety agent.
It also clams restlessness in children and is
used in several mental disorders.
Photochemical: The major phytoconstituent
of Brahmi are Bacosides. Bacosides are saponins
in nature, which help to repair damaged neurons
by enhancing proteins involved in the regeneration
of neural-cell synapses in body. The alkali
Brahmine resembles strychnine in action but
is less toxic. It contains stigma sterol in
free state. The active principle, Hersaponin
resembles reserpine and chlorpromazine in action
Properties and action:
Rasa: tikta, kasaya, madhura
Guna: laghu, sara
Karma: vata-har, kapha-har, rasayan,
ayusya, medhya, swarya, prajasthapan, vish-hara,
Therapeutic classification index:
- Central nervous system: it is used
in the treatment of epilepsy, depression,
loss of memory, weak memory, tension induced
hypertension and insomnia.
- Blood and haemopoeitic tissue: It
is used as a blood cleanser
- Digestive system: A study conducted
to evaluate the efficacy of Brahmi in the
treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
found the herb to exert beneficial effects,
particularly on the form where diarrhea was
predominant. Clinical studies on healthy human
volunteers have also shown multiple doses
of Bacosides to be well tolerated and devoid
of any untoward reaction or side effects.
- Hair: Brahmi is also reputed to stimulate
hair, skin and nail growth.
- Skin: It is used in a variety
of skin problems such as eczema, psoriasis,
boils and ulcers
Brahmi- A Potent Brain Tonic.
1.In clinical and preclinical studies, Bacopa
monnieri has been shown to contribute to enhanced
exploratory behavior and greater desire to
seek out novelty, sharpened memory, and increased
learning and retention. A placebo-controlled,
double blind study, tested the efficacy of
Bacopa monnieri in children. For six weeks,
50 normal school children split into two groups
were given Bacopa monnieri and placebo respectively.
At the conclusion, they were evaluated for
attention, concentration, and memory. Bacopa
monnieri was shown to improve all these aspects
2.The use of herbal extracts to improve brain
function is becoming increasingly popular
and, in a study by Bhattacharya et. al, reported
in Phytotherapeutic Research 14 (3), 174-9
(2000), the effects of the Ayurvedic herb
Bacopa monniera (BM), also known as Brahmi,
were compared with Deprenyl, and both substances
were assessed as to their effect on brain
chemicals associated with oxidative stress
and memory function.
In the study carried out in rats, a standardised
extract of Bacopa for 7, 14 or 21 days was
compared with deprenyl. After 14 and 21 days
of Bacopa there was an increase of Super Oxide
Dismutase (SOD), Catalase (CAT) and Glutathione
Peroxidase (GPX) in all brain areas, whereas
deprenyl showed increased antioxidant activities
only in the frontal cortex and the striatum.
The authors suggest that the antioxidant
and free radical scavenging effects of Bacopa
may partly explain the cognitive-facilitating
action of the herb.
Brahmi- the stress reliever
Brahmi induces a sense of calm and peace
in its users. It is unique in its ability
to invigorate mental processes whilst reducing
the effects of stress and nervous anxiety.
This makes Brahmi extremely applicable in
highly stressful work or study environments
where clarity of thought is as important as
being able to work under pressure. Many people
have the intelligence to perform to strict
standards, but lack the composure and self-confidence
to reach them. Additionally, Brahmi helps
soothe the restlessness and distraction that
nervousness causes. Brahmi is ideal for students
and workers faced with this problem.
Brahmi increases memory
1.Brahmi has shown to be helpful in treating
ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder), age-related
mental deterioration and concentration difficulties
due to stress, it may be incredibly beneficial
where there is no health condition, but only
the desire to improve cognitive function.
An animal study in 1982 found that Brahmi
improved the initial acquisition of learned
information as well as retention ability.
The study also showed that Brahmi delayed
the length of time it took for the information
to become extinct or 'unlearned'. Brahmi is
as eminently suited to a healthy, young student
looking to maximize their ability to focus
and study, as to an elderly person hoping
to regain their memory. It enables people
to optimize their intellectual potential and
mental vitality for the betterment of both
personal and professional pursuits.
2.Central Drug Institute of India discovered
that Brahmi contained two main active ingredients,
Bacosides A and B. The neurobiological effects
of these isolated molecules were found to
increase protein kinase activity and new protein
synthesis, specifically in cells in regions
of the brain associated with long-term memory.
They determined that this long-treasured herb
had the amazing ability to facilitate learning,
memory and concentration by stimulating neural
Fresh juice 5-10ml
Capsule Brahmi contains pure and concentrated
Dosage: one capsule
twice a day.
Package size: 60 capsules.
- Prof P.V Sharma, Dravya Guna Vigyana,
Vol II, pg 6-8
- The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India,
Part I, Vol.II, pg 25-26
- R.N Chopra, S.L. Nayar, I.C. Chopra, NISC,
Glossary Of Indian Medicinal Plants pg 32
- R.N Chopra, S.L. Nayar, I.C. Chopra, NISC,
Supplementary of Glossary Of Indian Medicinal
Plants pg 10