Latin name: Hemidismus indica
Common name: Sariva, Anantmoola
English name: Indian sarsaparilla,
Habitat: Sariva grows all over India.
Macroscopic identification: It is
a creeping plant. The root is dull red to dark
brown with fine longitudinal wrinkles and transverse
cracks whereas the root-stock has a number of
vegetative buds on the surface
Parts used: Root, root bark and juice.
Pharmacological action: Alterative,
depurative, diaphoretic, immunodepressant
Actions and uses in ayurveda: Kushtam,
Amavishnashanam, Varnya, Jwaram, Dahaprashamana,
Prameham, Pittadaham, inflammations, Raktapittaghna,
Indications: Autoimmune disease, Rheumatoid
arthritis, Chronic Skin Disorders, Asthma, bronchitis
Photochemical: Coumarins, Essential
oil, Saponin.The flavanoid glycosides identified
in the flowers of H. indicus, were hyperoside,isoquercitin
and rutin whereas in the leaves, only hyperoside
and rutin were identified. (Subramaniam &
Nair, 1968). Tannins are present in leaves in
an amount of 2.5 per cent. The roots were reported
to contain (-sitoserol (Chatterjee & Bhattacharya,
1955), a new ester identified as lupeol octacosanoate
in addition to the known compounds viz., lupeol,
(-amyrin, (-amyrin, lupeol acetate, (-amyrin
acetate, and hexatriacontane.
Properties and action:
Rasa: madhura, tikta
Guna: guru, snigdh
Karma: tridosh shamak, shothhar, dipan,pachan,
anuloman, mutrajanan, raktshodhak, visaghna,
Preparations: decoction, paste, infusions,
Therapeutic classification index:
- Central nervous system its alterative
and pacificator nature extends to the mind,
hence its use in disturbed, angry or irritated
emotions aggravating the equilibrium of the
- Respiratory system: it is given
in expectorant cough and dyspnea.
- Digestive system: Useful herb for
stimulating the appetite aggravating any acidity.
It is a benefit to sluggish digestion. Used
in inflammation of the mucus membranes throughout
the body. Also used in diarrhea.
- Reproductive system Traditional use
for maintaining pregnancy and preventing habitual
abortions. Used to increase the quantity and
quality of breast milk. Also may be of benefit
Classified as a sperm increasing herb, it
is of value in fertility problems, low libido.
Its saponin content is considered to have
a steroidal effect that enhances the production
- Skin Clear heat and inflammation
from the skin- used in eczema, erysipelas,
psoriasis, urticaria from heat. It 'cleans'
the blood, stops itching and reduces supperation.
The root powder is used to treat STDs that
are damp and hot. Used as an external paste
or in a cream it can benefit red, hot, oozing
inflammatory skin problems. It is a specific
- Genito- urinary system: Urinary infections
with dark red, cloudy, painful urination;
cystitis, urethritis, kidney infections, prostatitis
Dose: paste 5-10 gms
Capsule Sariva contains pure and concentrated
Dosage: one capsule twice a day.
Package 60 capsules
- Prof P.V Sharma, Dravya Guna Vigyana, Vol
II, pg 798-800
- Dr.KM Nadkarni, The Indian Materia Medica,
Vol.I, pg 619-622
- The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India, Part
I, Vol.I, pg 107