Latin name: Tinospora Cordifolia
Common name: Giloy, Amrita
Habitat: The climber is found throughout
the tropical regions of India.
Macroscopic identification: It is
glabrous climbing, succulent shrub with gray
dotted bark. Leaves are broadly ovate and 10-20
cm in diameter. Flowers are small greenish yellow
in color. Fruit is pea like and red in color.
Parts used: fresh and dried stem
Pharmacological action: alterative,
antihelmentic, anti arthritic, anti pyretic,
anti periodic, aphrodisiac, bitter tonic, blood
purifier, cardiac, carminative, digestive, diuretic
Actions and uses in ayurveda: kustha,
vatarakta, jvara, kamla, pandu, prameha.
Indications: Juice of the fresh plant
is used in painful micturition and gonorrhea.
Starch from fresh stem is used in chronic diarrhea
and also shows anti diabetic properties.
Photochemical: Tinosporoin and a furanoid
diterpene identical with columbin have been
isolated from the plant. Fresh stem bark yields
giloin, giloinin and gilosterol. Berberine and
a waxy substance are also present. A new hypoglycemic
agent and a new phenolic lignan have also been
Properties and action:
Rasa: tikta, kasaya
Guna: guru, snigdh
Karma: tridosh-har, samgrahi, balya,
dipana, rasayan, raktsodhak, jvaraghna
Preparations: decoction, powder, oil
Therapeutic classification index:
- Central nervous system: The whole
plant and the juice of the leaves is traditionally
used in various mental disorders and is regarded
as one of the best psychotropic drugs. Guduchi
also has a direct Medhya Rasayana effect,
which means that it enhances all aspects of
mind power, including comprehension (Dhi),
memory (Dhriti) and recollection (Smriti).
- Digestive system: It is used in
dyspepsia, emesis and intestinal worms.
- Skin: it is anti leprotic.
- Immunity system: The plant is used
to improve the immune system and the body's
resistance to infections. Guduchi helps increase
the effectiveness of white blood cells and
builds up the body's immune system. Guduchi
is also used as an immunomodulator in immune-suppression
of obstructive jaundice, hepatic fibrosis,
peritonitis and sepsis.
Anti-inflammatory activity of Guduchi
Studies on induced edema and arthritis,
and on human arthritis proved the anti-inflammatory
potency of the water extract of this plant.
Phase I and Phase II of adjuvant induced arthritis
were also inhibited. The anti-inflammatory activity
of this plant resembles that of non-steroidal
anti-inflammatory agents. It also has weak antipyretic
action and is a morphine potentiator(g)
Hypoglycemic affect of Guduchi
. The hypoglycemic potential of this plant
has been studied, extensively. Administration
of the aqueous extract to alloxan induced hyper-
glycaemic rats and rabbits in a dose of 400-mg/kg-body
weight induced reduction in blood sugar. Reduction
in blood sugar levels has been reported in adrenaline-induced
hyperglycemia in rates, as also a favorable
glucose tolerance in this rodent species on
exposure to an aqueous extract of T. cordifolia.
Guduchi is Hepatoprotective
The hepatoprotective effect of T. cordifolia
extract has been studied in carbon tetrachloride
induced liver damage in rats. While acute damage
was enhanced by prior exposure to the drug,
it proved effective in the prevention of fibrosis,
and in stimulating regeneration in hepatic tissue.
Dose: dried herb powder: 5-10 gms
Extract: 1-2 gms
Capsule Guduchi contains pure and concentrated
Dosage: one capsule twice a day.
Package 60 capsules
- Prof P.V Sharma, Dravya Guna Vigyana, Vol
II, pg 761-763
- Dr.KM Nadkarni, The Indian Materia Medica,
Vol.I, pg 1220-1221
- The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India, Part
I, Vol.I, pg 41-42.
- Dr. Narian Singh Chauhan, Medicinal And
Aromatic Plants Of Himachal Pradesh, pg 418-420.